A Ph.D. – also known as a doctorate – is more demanding than a master’s by research (MRes), but otherwise fact-finding the demands are the same. You’ll create a lengthy, in-depth, unique, and important piece of research that draws upon all your abilities in setting objectives, fact-finding, analysis, and interpretation. The end result will be a thesis of around 100,000 words, worthy of inclusion in an academic journal.
Intellectual credibility at a high level and the potential to have a research-based career.
A good Undergraduate Degree in a relevant area. A good master’s degree is often a requirement too.
Full-time courses usually last three years. A part-time fact-finding lasts six years.
Universities have a variety of start dates for PhDs, e.g. October, January, and May. Other start dates may be possible and you should discuss this with your potential supervisor.
What you pay will be determined by the duration of the course, its perceived quality and reputation, its level, and how much it costs the university to manage. Fees depend on course subject and university ranking.
Scholarships and loans are available. For further information see our section on Help to get a scholarship.